Seaman - A seaman who reached a standard of skill above that of
Acater- A person who supplied food provisions,
e.g. a ships chandler.
- A falconer.
Accoutre A supplier or maker of military clothing or
Ackerman -A ploughman or Oxherder
Advowee- A person who possessed an Advowson, normally a
nobleman, who had the right to present a clergyman to a
Affeeror - An official in the manorial courts
who assessed the monetary penalty. They alsocollected taxes and dues
and were also called Assessor.
Agister - An official of
the Royal Forest. In the New Forest, it is the title for the person
in charge of the ponies.
a farm laborer
Alblastere -A crossbow man.
Giver of charity to the needy- The person in charge of an Almshouse-
& Jet Cutter-A person who cut and polished amber and jet for
Ambler- An officer of the Royal Stable who broke in
Anilepman -A smallholder (tenant of the
Beater - person who helped to drive the cattle to market
Maker - person who worked in the manufacture of dyes for paint
Annuitant- A person who received an annual income not
from working e.g. pensioner.
Arkwright -A skilled craftsman who produced "arks"
(wooden chests or coffers).
Armiger -Someone entitled
to bear heraldic arms. A squire who carried the armour of a
Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs
(Plantifene)- Hay and Forage Merchant.
Back Washer -A person employed to clean the wool in
the worsted manufacturing industry.
Badger -Food Peddlar- A
corn miller or dealer. - A licensed pauper who wore a
badge with the letter P on it and could only work in adefined area
(the term "Badgering" comes from this).
Fiddler - boy trumpeter in the military.
Monger -A person who sold printed ballads on the street.
Filer -metal worker in the gun making
Bandster -person who bound the wheat sheaves
Bang Beggar- officer of
the parish who controlled the length of stay of any stranger to the
Barker -person who tanned leather
using the bark of trees,
Bard- poet or minstrel.
beggar or pauper.
Mate -A Naval officer.
employed in the coal mines to push the barrow from the pit face to
Worker -person who worked with sheep and goat
Basketman -person who made baskets, and
furniture from wicker, also a person employed to empty the basket of
coal being offloaded from the colliers into the barges.
Maker- person who made the beaters used on clothes, carpets, etc., to
remove the dust.
Bleacher of cloth
person who wove bay (a fine woollen fabric also known as baize).
Beamer- person employed in the textile trade to wind the
warp on the roller before putting it on the loom.
employed to pray for his employer.
Beetler - person who operated a beetling machine,
used in the textile trade for embossing fabric.
Hanger -person who installed bells in churches.
who was responsible for the care and maintenance of the church organ.
who cut leather.
Besswarden- person appointed by the parish to look after
Biddy -female servant usually of Irish stock
Billyman -person who operated a Billy Roller, a
machine used in the cotton industry to prepare the cotton for
Bladesmith- A swordmaker or knife maker.
Printer- printer who used wooden blocks for printing.
Boatswain-A ship's officer
Bobber- A person who polished metals. --A person
who helped to unload fishing boats.
Bobbin Carrier -person
who worked in spinning and weaving sections of the mills.
Maker -person who made bodices for women's garments.
Bodger- craftsman who made wooden chair legs and the
Bone Mould Turner - person who made the moulds for
Bonesetter -person who set broken
Boonmaster- surveyor of roads with the
responsibilities of maintaining and repairing the road.
who made cheap coarse clothing.
tailor or cobbler.
- One who works with brass
Brewster - Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith - Metal
maker of buckles
Burgonmaster - Mayor
Polisher of medals
person employed to feed and water horses at coach stops.
Butcher- butcher that dealt in horsemeat.
Cadger -Peddlar of small
-Rag & Bone dealer
Chaisemaker - Carriage maker
Chambermaster- boot/shoe maker
Chandler Dealer or
trader- one who makes or sells candles; retailer of
Chiffonnier - Wig maker
Clergyman - cleric
- Coal Miner
Colporteur - Peddler of books
Cooper - One who
makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks,
barrels, tubs, etc.
Copeman- on who deals in stolen goods
Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crowner - Coroner
Currier - One who dresses the coat
of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating
oil or grease
Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads
Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper - A dealer in dry goods
Drayman - One who drives a long
strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads
A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover - One who drives
cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle
Duffer - Peddler
Factor -Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts
business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an
Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Falconer, Fell Monger - One who removes hair or wool from hides in
preparation for leather making
Fellmonger- Dealer in Sheepskins and other animal
Fletcher - One who makes bows and arrows
Fuller - One
who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by
moistening, heating and pressing; one who cleans and finishes
Gaoler - A keep of the goal, a jailer
Glazier - Window glassman
Haberdasher - Or Milliners -
Specializing in hats, ribbons, etc
- Maker of hoes
Hatcheler - One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger - Dealer in hay
Hayward - Keeper of fences
- Roof tiler
Hind A farm laborer
Holster - Reaper
Hooper - One
who made hoops for casks and barrels
Husbandman - A farmer who
cultivated the land
Jagger - Fish peddler
Journeyman - One who
had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to
serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner/Joiner - A skilled
Keeler - Bargeman
Kempster - Wool comber
- Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender - Washer woman
Leech - Physician
- Maker of horsegear
Manciple - a steward
Mason - Bricklayer
Mintmaster - One who issued local
Monger Sellerof good- ale fish
and grinder of mustard
Neatherder - Herd cows
Pattern Maker - A maker of a clog
shod with an iron ring. A clog with a wooden pole with a pattern cut
into the end
Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and
set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows
Puddler - Wrought iron worker
Rigger - Hoist tackle worker
Roper - Maker of
rope or nets
Saddler - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or
other furnishings for horses
Sawyer - One who saws; carpenter
Scribler - a minor or worthless author
Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
- Election judge
Sheather -Scabbard maker
Slater - Roofer
- Seller of ready - made clothes in a slop shop
Sorter - Tailor
Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Maker of spurs
Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of
Spittleman- Hospital Attendant
Tanner - One who tans
(cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley - One who puts the tap
in an ale cask
Tasker - Reaper
- One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher - Roofer
Tide Waiter -
Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller
Travers - Toll bridge collection
Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner - a person who turns wood on a
lathe into spindles
Upholsterer; a cheapjack; seller of secondhand goods
Victualer - A
tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food
Vulcan - Blacksmith
- Wagon maker
Waiter - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who
waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in
Boatman who plies for hire
Wharfinger-Owner of a
worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work after the Smith's
work is done
Wheelwright - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages,
Whitesmith - Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or
polishes the work
Whitewing - Street sweeper
Bleach of cloth
Yeoman - Farmer who owns
his own land